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Using Double Tax Treaties to avoid UK Tax
Double tax treaties are agreements between different countries that apply to determine which country shall tax certain forms of income and gains. The provisions though are much wider than this, and they can also be used to determine an individuals or company's tax residence.
The need for double tax treaties arises because many countries tax both the income of their residents as well as any income arising in their borders. So a resident in one country (France) may be taxed by France on his worldwide income. However if some of his income arose in the UK, the UK may also want to tax the income arising within the UK. This could lead to the same income (ie the UK income) being taxed twice. This is where double tax treaties come into play, and they could provide for either an exemption from tax in one of the country's or a tax credit to offset against the other country's tax liability.
This section includes articles that cover the use of double tax treaties.
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Articles on Double Tax Treaties
Tax Question: Dear Sirs, My question is in relation to claiming the UK Personal Allowance. Would you please clarify if residents from any of the following jurisdictions are able to claim the annual allowance. 1. China 2. Dubai 3. Qatar 4. Hong Kong. My understanding is that only residents from China can claim the allowance, but would appreciate your confirmation/correction on this. Thank you keep reading
Tax Question: Dual resident receiving overseas salary from foreign company. DTR exists with UK. Need to disclose in Tax Return? keep reading
Tax Question: Can you please explain how to avoid US Withholding Tax? I called the IRS and they were useless and unhelpful. I have a online business, and some USA clients (I'm a PT). I have IBCs in various tax havens. Basically need to know which jurisdictions I should allow US clients to buy from me through; so that I don't have to report to any countries at all incl. USA filings and zero tax/withholding reporting. I also receive royalties from Amazon to a UK bank account but am also subject to tax withholding on that too which really puts a dent in my royalty payments. Can you advise how I can prevent withholding tax in all instances? Thank you. keep reading
As teleworking is becoming more and more popular we thought we'd look at how a tax treaty would impact on someone working on the tax position for someone operating remotely. keep reading
We've looked in a previous article at how the UK taxman treats offshore companies providing goods or services in the UK. Now we're going to look at one particular aspect of this, namely how having a UK agent to act on your behalf can impact on any UK tax liability. This article is a Platinum/Practitioner Members article keep reading
This is something we're asked about regularly, so we've put what you need to know in this article. Avoiding CGT is a popular tax planning objective and this makes any opportunity to avoid it very appealing. This article looks at a couple of CGT articles from tax treaties and examines how these impact on the UK and overseas tax treatment. keep reading
Tax Question: We have a uk registered ltd company client.The only director and shareholder is german,he lives in germany ,the company owns a german property ,the only income for the company is rent received from a german tennant.our client assures us that the company trading results are declared and taxed in germany,(if it is profitable).We currently propose to file the accounts at companies house.Should we make any returns to HMR&C ? keep reading
The general rule is that if you have a UK employment the earnings from that employment are subject to UK income tax. This applies irrespective of your residence status. However, this is not the full story, as the terms of a UK double tax treaty will impact on this. In many cases these treaties can be used to exempt any UK salary from UK income tax. In this article we take a detailed look at the use of double tax treaties to avoid UK income tax on UK employment income keep reading
Double tax treaties offer some tremendous opportunities for tax planning. In particular establishing treaty residence overseas can effectively completely eliminate UK corporation tax. In this article we look at establishing treaty residence overseas and how Facebook has created tax planning opportunities from its transfer of operations to Irelandkeep reading
Tax Question: Hello,I am English, UK non-resident living in Poland but have UK generated income through rent, interest and dividends. I understand that I have to pay tax on this UK generated income in the UK and via my UK accountant have been paying this through self assessment. My accountant completes the assessment without taking into account the DTA with Poland ie exactly the same as if I were UK resident on all UK generated income. My accountant says anything relating to the DTA should be handled in Poland. 1. Is it correct that all UK derived income should be declared in the UK? 2. Should my UK return be completed with no reference to the DTA? 3. If so how should I then be dealing with my tax affairs in Poland if I have no Polish derived income? 4. Are there any benefits I can derive from a DTA? Thanks keep reading
Non doms who claim the remittance basis of tax will usually lose the benefit of the UK personal allowance unless they have overseas unremitted income of less than £2,000. HMRC have however confirmed that there is one additional case where an individual could be entitled to claim the remittance basis but still qualify for the UK personal allowance. This arises when you are UK resident but also treaty resident overseas. This article looks in detail at this exemption keep reading
Tax Question: I refer to my question dated 30/06/2014: I now have checked that the country I am resident in have Double Tax Treaty agreement in force with UK. How do I go about applying exception to this requirement to deduct basic rate tax. Looking forward to hearing from you. keep reading
Tax Question: Hi Can you please confirm if a company that is resident in Malta [which has DTR with UK] with UK resident shareholders - then the attribution rule can be disapplied. Which other countries [other than Mauritius] also have the attribution rules disapplied. keep reading
Tax Question: French company has contract to install lift equipment for a UK company in the UK. The French company will send over it's own employees who will be present in the UK for approx two months. Are there any PAYE requirements? It looks like the double tax treaty exemption [Article 15 ] with regards to income tax would apply. The French company has no presence for PAYE in the UK, but would it be necessary for the employees to claim the DTR exemption and then request authorisation to not apply PAYE via the direct payment scheme. It would seem easier in practise to not do anything [as employees will remain on the French payroll], however is this acceptable? keep reading
Non UK residents looking to structure investments both in the UK and overseas may look to use a UK limited company as an intermediary for their overseas investments. This article looks at when and how using a UK company could be effective in reducing taxes on investments. keep reading
If you've been posted abroad as well as assessing whether you'll be subject to UK income tax, you'll need to consider whether you'll subject to UK national insurance on your salary. This will primarily depend on the status of the country where you'll be working. This article looks at the different options available. keep reading